Frank Lloyd Wright’s Chicago
No architect was more influential in creating a uniquely American style than Frank Lloyd Wright, whose talent was nurtured in Chicago during his early association with architect Louis Sullivan and blossomed after he opened his own studio in neighboring Oak Park in 1889. Today, 17 structures linked to Wright exist within the city limits of Chicago. One is a shuttered factory. Most are homes. Four are located in Beverly, a leafy neighborhood on the city’s Far South Side. Two early Wright designs, which bear only hints of what would become the Prairie style he would eventually embrace -- and a third, a masterwork -- are situated a few blocks from Barack and Michelle Obama's home in the South Side Kenwood neighborhood, near the University of Chicago.
To enjoy all the Wright-related properties, take a tour through the Chicago Architecture Foundation or the Frank Lloyd Wright Tour group.
The Chicago area boasts 3 Frank Lloyd Wright sites that are essential stops for any Wright fan. All 3 are open to the public and all 3 are located near more Wright structures.
2. Robie House
Today it's maintained by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust, which offers tours and works tirelessly to restore it and keep the beautiful place from falling apart.
3. Wright Home & Studio
One, at 333 Forest, is an early 1895 design (adjusted later after a fire), which from the outside shows little of the architect's trademark elements and is, in fact, kind of a stylistic mess. But the others are pure FLW, notably the Heurtley House (1902) at 318 Forest, which with its sleek rooflines and earthen materials practically screams Prairie. Nine more Wright houses are on neighboring streets, making this a don't-miss tour for students of the man's work.
5. Unity Temple
"They teach it in every art school and architecture school in the world," says volunteer greeter Brian Flora, whose sign-in sheet typically has more foreign signatures than American. "It broke the box."
From the outside, the church looks a bit like a multilevel concrete bunker, in stark contrast to the ornate, steepled churches of the time that still dot the neighborhood. But the inside is a wonder of elegant yet functional simplicity and is classic Frank Lloyd Wright: much use of unpainted wood, hanging light fixtures that combine geometric supports and unadorned globes, splendid natural light and, seen so often in Wright homes, a fireplace as a gathering spot.
It's still a working church, now Unitarian Universalist, and serves as a performance venue and community meeting place.