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san francisco solano, missions, california, historic
San Francisco Solano

San Francisco Solano

Founded on July 4, 1823, by Father Jose Altimira, this historic mission was the site of the Bear Flag Revolt that led to the establishment of the California Republic in 1846. 960 1280

By M.Bucka (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Rafael Arcangel

San Rafael Arcangel

This mission is located 20 miles north of San Francisco at the foot of Mount Tamalpais. It was established as a sanitarium and hospital for San Francisco neophytes suffering from depression and disease.
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San Francisco de Asis (Mission Dolores)

San Francisco de Asis (Mission Dolores)

On a site selected by Juan Bautista de Anza, the first mission church was a 50-foot-long log and mud structure. It was eventually moved to higher ground, adjacent to Lake Dolores. The mission was dedicated to Saint Francis by Father Serra in 1776. 960 1280

By Photograph by Robert A. EstremoLordkinbote at en.wikipedia [CC BY-SA 2.0], from Wikimedia Commons  

San Jose

San Jose

The most recent mission to have its church restored, the work truly captures the look and feel of 1830s prosperity. Founded in 1797 by Father Lasuen, the fertile site was chosen because of its view of Mission Dolores and Yerba Buena Island.
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By King of Hearts (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons  

Santa Clara de Asis

Santa Clara de Asis

Located on the Guadeloupe River, the log chapel was founded in 1777 by Father Serra in honor of St. Clare. In 1851, work began which ultimately produced Santa Clara University as we know it today.
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By JaGa (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons  

Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz

Although the soil was excellent and the location ideal, this mission never reached its potential. The dedication of Mission la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz was made in 1791 by Father Lasuen, but the site was unfortunately located next to Branciforte pueblo, a community of ex-convicts and thieves.
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By Howcheng (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Juan Bautista

San Juan Bautista

Founded by Father Lasuen in 1797, this mission was unwittingly located directly above the San Andreas fault. Much of the original structure remains and has been restored. It's considered the largest California mission church and the only one with 3 aisles. It was named for John the Baptist. 
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By JimWhiteheadUCSC (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Carlos Boorromeo de Carmelo

San Carlos Boorromeo de Carmelo

Founded by Father Serra in 1770 on Pentecost Sunday, this mission was considered to be his favorite. Both he and Father Lasuen are buried here. It served as the ecclesiastical capital of California, as well as Father Serra's headquarters for administrative duties as president of the missions.
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By Didier B (Sam67fr) (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons  

Nuestra Senora de la Soledad

Nuestra Senora de la Soledad

The padres named this mission for Our Lady of Solitude in 1791, which fits its isolated location. The rich soil and plentiful water helped the mission produce more than 100,000 bushels of wheat per year and raise nearly 17,000 head of livestock.
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By The original uploader was Lordkinbote at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Antonio de Padua

San Antonio de Padua

Located 40 miles north of Paso Robles, this picturesque mission is nestled in the grasslands and oak trees of the San Antonio Valley. Named for a saint known as the "miracle worker," it was dedicated in 1771 by Father Serra. The church is known for its campanario and archway bells. 960 1280
San Miguel Arcangel

San Miguel Arcangel

This mission was founded in 1797 by Father Lasuen. It completed the mission chain from San Luis Obispo to Mission Dolores in San Francisco. Located in the Salinas Valley, it was the mid point between the San Luis Obispo and San Antonio Missions. Under the direction of Esteban Munros, the Indians painted the walls and ceilings with ornate designs; the original murals are the best preserved in California today.
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By JPRoy2101 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Luis Obispo de Tolosa

San Luis Obispo de Tolosa

This humble chapel, built of logs, was dedicated to St. Louis, Bishop of Tolosa in 1772. It was the first mission to use tiles extensively on the roof due to repeated attacks by Indians who used flaming arrows to ignite the original thatched roof.
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By Rennett Stowe (Flickr: Mission San Luis Obispo) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

La Purísima Concepción

La Purísima Concepción

Founded in 1787 by Father Lasuen, this mission is located 50 miles west of Santa Barbara. Considered to be the best example of mission architecture, it has 37 rooms that have been completely restored and furnished.
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By Baseball636 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

Santa Ines

Santa Ines

This mission was named for a 13-year-old Roman martyr, St. Agnes, who refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods in 304 AD. Santa Ines was dedicated in 1804 by Father Estevan Tapis. The museum contains a notable collection of vestments, church records and missals. 960 1280

By Ymblanter (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara

Founded in 1786, the "Queen of the Missions" was the first to be christened by Father Lasuen and has continuously served as a parish church for the local population.
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By Bernard Gagnon (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Buenaventura

San Buenaventura

The ninth mission in the chain was founded on Easter Sunday in 1782 by Father Serra and dedicated to St. Bonaventure. It was the last mission the humble priest would christen. Restored in 1957, the facade exhibits an unusual triangular design which opens onto the gardens.
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By Ricardo Holden (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Fernando Rey de Espana

San Fernando Rey de Espana

Father Lasuen named this mission in honor of King Ferdinand III of Spain in 1797. Located 25 miles north of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley, the convent is the largest freestanding adobe in California and was originally used as a hospice for travelers.
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By The original uploader was Geographer at English Wikipedia [CC BY 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Gabriel Arcangel

San Gabriel Arcangel

Founded in 1771 by Junipero Serra, this fortress-like structure with 5-foot thick walls and narrow windows is a design not found in any other mission. One-fourth of the wealth of the California missions' in stock and grain was credited to San Gabriel.
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By Robert A. Estremo (en-wkipedia, en:User:Lordkinbote) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Juan Capistrano

San Juan Capistrano

Named for Crusader Saint John of Capistrano and designed in the shape of a cross, this great stone church once consisted of 7 domes and a bell tower so tall it could be seen from 10 miles away.
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By Bernard Gagnon (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Luis Rey de Francia

San Luis Rey de Francia

Known as the "King of the Missions," San Luis Rey de Francia lies in a sheltered valley just east of Oceanside on State Highway 76. Named for Louis IX, the crusading King of France, the cross-shaped church was dedicated on the Feast of St. Anthony in 1798 by Father Lasuen.
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By Visitor7 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

San Diego de Alcala

San Diego de Alcala

The mission trail in California began here on July 16, 1769, when Fathers Serra, Palou and Parron planted a large cross in the beachhead near the mouth of the San Diego River. A bell was suspended from a nearby tree, and the site was dedicated to St. Didacus.
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By Bernard Gagnon (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons  

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