Travel Like a Gypsy
Meet the world’s most devoted wanderers. From carnival workers to ancient tribes, these groups give new meaning to the phrase: Home is where the heart is.
Reindeer peopleFor thousands of years, the Eveny nomads have survived in northeast Siberia, where temperatures drop -96°F in winter. The Eveny are also known as the Reindeer People, because they have survived through the aid of reindeer -- a partnership that has allowed them to migrate over swamps, ice sheets and mountain peaks in a brutally cold climate. 960 1280
Nunamiut of AlaskaCaribou ahead? For 11,000 years, the Nunamiut people have called Northern Alaska home, with their cycles of life determined by the annual migrations of caribou. Many Nunamiut now live in Anaktuvuk Pass, a village located in Alaska’s North Slope, on a migratory caribou route. Nunamiut still travel widely (by snow machine) in search of caribou. 960 1280
Pro SurfersTop surfers travel the world in search of the best surf breaks. Every year, the Association of Surfing Professionals World Tour oversees a high-stakes competition in which the world’s top surfers compete in diverse locations, from the waters off Tahiti to beaches outside of big cities such as Rio de Janeiro. 960 1280
Tuareg peopleNumbering over a million, the Tuareg people call the Sahara home, crisscrossing countries such as Niger, Mali, Algeria, Libya and Burkina Faso. Here, a member of the Tuareg leads a caravan of camels, wearing a robe dyed traditional blue -- a feature that’s led outsiders to call the Tuareg “the Blue People.” 960 1280
Migrant Farm workersMigrant farm workers go where the harvest is. Their daily routine begins around 5 a.m., and typically includes building crates and packing them with fruits and veggies. Want the job? The United Farm Workers union has a campaign, “Take Our Jobs – Please.” 960 1280
BedouinsThe word “Bedouin” means “those in the desert.” True to their name, Bedouins travel through the deserts of the Middle East and North Africa. In the late 1800s, many Bedouins shifted to a semi-nomadic life. Others still retain the old ways. In the winter, when there is rain, they migrate into the desert; in the summer, they seek refuge near secure water sources. 960 1280
India's nomadsIndia is home to about 500 nomadic groups -- wanderers for hundreds, sometimes thousands, of years. Nomadic groups cover a range of livelihoods, passed down from one generation to the next, from blacksmiths to herders. In all, they account for 80 million of India’s billion-plus people. 960 1280
San PeopleThe San people have lived in southern Africa for 22,000 years. Throughout that time, they lived as traditional hunter-gatherers. Over the past few generations, though, they’ve faced intense pressure from local governments to abandon their age-old ways, sometimes even seeing the takeover of their land for game reserves and cattle ranches. Their population today is estimated at 82,000. 960 1280
Hells AngelsFor Hells Angels, nothing tastes sweeter than the open road. The famously secretive club, founded in 1948, numbers just 3,000 members worldwide, but they know how to raise a rumble: The Justice Department has labeled them an organized crime syndicate. These guys may take that as a compliment. 960 1280
WooksWooks travel from show to show, often with little or no money. These free-spirited concertgoers are part of a time-honored tradition. In the 1970s, they were called Deadheads; today they're woooks -- a name inspired from the Star Wars’ character (and legendary Wookiee) Chewbacca. 960 1280
Rodeo PerformersRodeo performers spend more time on the road than in the arena. A rodeo performer might travel to a handful of rodeos in a weekend, then spend just 40 seconds total performing. As one bull rider says: “On an average weekend ... you have 3 to 4 hours ‘rodeoing' and about 12 to 20 hours driving." 960 1280
Buckle BunniesAnd meet the groupies. In the rodeo world, they call ’em “buckle bunnies.” Buckle bunnies offer their “support” to traveling cowboys on the rodeo circuit. Other sports have a similarly strong support network: In hockey, there’s the “puck bunny” and in skiing, the “snow bunny.” Whatever their name, they wander. 960 1280
San Francisco de Asis (Mission Dolores)On a site selected by Juan Bautista de Anza, the first mission church was a 50-foot-long log and mud structure. It was eventually moved to higher ground, adjacent to Lake Dolores. The mission was dedicated to Saint Francis by Father Serra in 1776. 960 1280
Santa CruzAlthough the soil was excellent and the location ideal, this mission never reached its potential. The dedication of Mission la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz was made in 1791 by Father Lasuen, but the site was unfortunately located next to Branciforte pueblo, a community of ex-convicts and thieves.
San Juan BautistaFounded by Father Lasuen in 1797, this mission was unwittingly located directly above the San Andreas fault. Much of the original structure remains and has been restored. It's considered the largest California mission church and the only one with 3 aisles. It was named for John the Baptist.
San Carlos Boorromeo de CarmeloFounded by Father Serra in 1770 on Pentecost Sunday, this mission was considered to be his favorite. Both he and Father Lasuen are buried here. It served as the ecclesiastical capital of California, as well as Father Serra's headquarters for administrative duties as president of the missions.
Nuestra Senora de la SoledadThe padres named this mission for Our Lady of Solitude in 1791, which fits its isolated location. The rich soil and plentiful water helped the mission produce more than 100,000 bushels of wheat per year and raise nearly 17,000 head of livestock.
San Antonio de PaduaLocated 40 miles north of Paso Robles, this picturesque mission is nestled in the grasslands and oak trees of the San Antonio Valley. Named for a saint known as the "miracle worker," it was dedicated in 1771 by Father Serra. The church is known for its campanario and archway bells. 960 1280
San Miguel ArcangelThis mission was founded in 1797 by Father Lasuen. It completed the mission chain from San Luis Obispo to Mission Dolores in San Francisco. Located in the Salinas Valley, it was the mid point between the San Luis Obispo and San Antonio Missions. Under the direction of Esteban Munros, the Indians painted the walls and ceilings with ornate designs; the original murals are the best preserved in California today.
San Luis Obispo de TolosaThis humble chapel, built of logs, was dedicated to St. Louis, Bishop of Tolosa in 1772. It was the first mission to use tiles extensively on the roof due to repeated attacks by Indians who used flaming arrows to ignite the original thatched roof.
San BuenaventuraThe ninth mission in the chain was founded on Easter Sunday in 1782 by Father Serra and dedicated to St. Bonaventure. It was the last mission the humble priest would christen. Restored in 1957, the facade exhibits an unusual triangular design which opens onto the gardens.
San Fernando Rey de EspanaFather Lasuen named this mission in honor of King Ferdinand III of Spain in 1797. Located 25 miles north of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley, the convent is the largest freestanding adobe in California and was originally used as a hospice for travelers.
San Gabriel ArcangelFounded in 1771 by Junipero Serra, this fortress-like structure with 5-foot thick walls and narrow windows is a design not found in any other mission. One-fourth of the wealth of the California missions' in stock and grain was credited to San Gabriel.
San Luis Rey de FranciaKnown as the "King of the Missions," San Luis Rey de Francia lies in a sheltered valley just east of Oceanside on State Highway 76. Named for Louis IX, the crusading King of France, the cross-shaped church was dedicated on the Feast of St. Anthony in 1798 by Father Lasuen.
San Diego de AlcalaThe mission trail in California began here on July 16, 1769, when Fathers Serra, Palou and Parron planted a large cross in the beachhead near the mouth of the San Diego River. A bell was suspended from a nearby tree, and the site was dedicated to St. Didacus.
The Spanish Missions in California 21 Photos
Wrigley Field’s 100thBefore it was ever known as Wrigley Field, Chicago’s famed baseball venue went by 2 previous names. Built in 1914 for the Chicago Federal League baseball team, the stadium was first known as Weeghman Park, and later, as Cubs Park. In April 2014, Wrigley Field’s 100th birthday bash will showcase 10 decade-themed home stands as the stadium hosts the Arizona Diamondbacks. 960 1280
St. Louis Turns 250The Gateway City marks its 250th anniversary this year. In 1764, French fur trader Pierre Laclede set out to construct a trading post near the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Laclede eventually settled on a site 18 miles downriver. Today, St. Louis’s riverfront area is named Laclede’s Landing in his honor. 960 1280
Berlin Wall’s Fall, 25 Years LaterGermany marks the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall in November. The anniversary joins 2 other big events this year: 100 years since the outbreak of WWI and 75 years since the start of the second, earning 2014 the nickname in Germany of Super-Gedenkjahr, or the “super-year of commemoration.” 960 1280
WWI Turns 100In July 2014, the world marks the 100th anniversary of the Great War. In July 1914, Austro-Hungarian Empire formally declared war on Serbia, setting off World War I. Learn the story at the National World War I Museum at Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, MO. The 32,000-square-foot facility consists of 2 theaters, exhibitions of period artifacts and replica trenches. 960 1280
50th Anniversary of the Ford MustangOn April 17, 1964, Ford Motor Company unveiled the Mustang, and the smooth, 2-door beaut quickly became a fixture of American muscle car culture. (Who could forget the 7-minute chase scene in 1968’s Bullitt, when a Ford Mustang GT 390 rips through the streets of San Francisco?) Grab your shades, and celebrate the Mustang’s 50th with a ride in a sixth-generation Mustang this year. 960 1280
D-Day 70th AnniversaryThis year marks the 70th anniversary of D-Day, when the coast of Normandy, code-named Omaha Beach, saw the Allied invasion against German-occupied France. Commemorations will unfold everywhere from Bedford, VA, to the Norman coast, where Queen Elizabeth will be guest of honor. Meanwhile, Holland America is offering a 12-day D-Day tour, and a plethora of Normandy tours will recall the June 6 landings. 960 1280
Japan’s Bullet Train (Shinkansen): 50th AnniversaryJapan’s high-speed railway turns 50 this year. In October 1964, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen opened between Tokyo and the Shin-Ōsaka Station 320 miles away, for a total trip time of 4 hours. Today, the journey takes about 3 hours. Spring 2014 will see test runs of the new Series E7 bullet train, with a top speed of 160 mph. 960 1280
Sundance Film Festival's 30thAmerica’s top independent film festival sees its 30th anniversary this year. Founded by Robert Redford in 1981, Sundance Film Festival has gone on to showcase such groundbreaking films as Little Miss Sunshine and Beasts of the Southern Wild. This year’s festival will be held in Park City, Salt Lake City, Ogden and Sundance Resort. 960 1280
The Beatles: 50th Anniversary of US DebutIn early 1964, the Beatles kicked off their first official US tour with an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Months later, with Beatlemania at its height, the Beatles performed at the Hollywood Bowl (pictured). Relive the 50th anniversary of the Fab Four’s US invasion with a Magical History Tour and a Beatles Walking Tour in NYC. 960 1280
Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition: 100th AnniversaryJust as WWI broke out, Sir Ernest Shackleton embarked on the first land crossing of the Antarctic continent. Then his ship, Endurance, became trapped in ice. This year marks the 100th anniversary of Shackleton’s heroic journey. Relive one of the greatest survival stories of all time on an Antarctica cruise, the last frontier for cruise travelers. 960 1280
South Africa: 20 Years of FreedomThis year South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom and general elections. In 1994, on the heels of decades of struggle led by Nelson Mandela, South Africa transitioned from apartheid to a government of majority rule. Take a South Africa tour, and see where history was made. 960 1280
Yosemite’s 150th AnniversaryThis year marks Yosemite’s 150th anniversary. In June 1864, Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Grant Act, the first land grant in the nation to protect wild lands for the enjoyment of future generations. This year, more than 150 events are planned at Yosemite to mark the historic milestone. 960 1280
New Jersey Turns 350The Garden State celebrates its 350th birthday in 2014. In 1664 Charles II of England granted a chunk of land on the East Coast to his brother, James. James then gave 2 friends part of the land; it was soon named New Jersey. It’s all just one more reason to celebrate the land of bikinis and boardwalks. 960 1280
Travel Anniversaries of 2014 13 Photos
See Rome by Vespa 02:31