Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota
America's Water-Based Parkland
Ultimate Travel: Legends of the Park 13 Photos
I Am a RockAlcatraz Island lies out in the bay a mile and a half off the San Francisco shoreline. For many years, that was enough to keep prisoners like Al Capone on the rock and tourists off it. More than an infamous lockup, Alcatraz was also the first U.S. fort on the West Coast and the site of a 19-month occupation by Native Americans to reclaim disused federal land. Now you can buy a Property of Alcatraz T-shirt and take a selfie in Machine Gun Kelley’s cell. 960 1280
Torch of FreedomOnce upon a time, newcomers to America would huddle en masse under the gaze of the great green colossus on Liberty Island before entering the country. Times have changed, but the Statue of Liberty is still a go-to American symbol of freedom and inclusion. Employees of the National Park Service have been caring for the lofty lady of the harbor since 1933. 960 1280
Port of EntryFrom 1892 to 1954, some 12 million immigrants set upon a path to citizenship that led them to Ellis Island in New York Harbor. The Great Hall remained largely vacant until 1990 when it was reopened to the public as the country’s largest museum devoted to our history as an immigrant nation. 960 1280
Our HouseYou don’t have to win 270 Electoral College votes to get into the White House, you just have to ask your Congressman for a pass. Free, self-guided tours of the East Wing run five days a week and include permanent exhibits and a short film. Requests must be submitted at least 21 days in advance and sorry, you can’t use the bowling alley. 960 1280
Steel Rainbow ConnectionLike a giant staple holding the country together at the Mississippi River, the St. Louis Gateway Arch is the nation’s tallest and most silvery monument and embodies Thomas Jefferson's vision of the westward expansion of the United States. Yes, you can go up in it. 960 1280
Kentucky UndergroundThe Bluegrass State is famous for its coal mines, but Mammoth Cave National Park takes subterranean pride to new depths. Located in the Green River Valley, Mammoth Cave is the world’s largest known cave system, with more than 400 miles of explored chambers and labyrinths. To paraphrase an early guide, it is a grand and gloomy grotto. 960 1280
Private IslandsHead 70 miles away from Key West by boat or seaplane and you’ll come upon Dry Tortugas National Park, a 100-square-mile paradise composed of seven small islands and the majestic 19th-century Fort Jefferson. Yes, this tropical paradise belongs to you. Even more majestic are the eerie blue waters and jutting coral reefs that make for ideal snorkeling territory. Above water, you can enjoy the innumerable species of birds that inhabit the park, as well as the turtles for which it is named. 960 1280
Take a BathIn the middle of Arkansas, the town of Hot Springs, well, sprang up around what is now Hot Springs National Park, an area known for thousands of years as the “Valley of the Vapors” for its medicinal steaming waters. Since 1921, it’s been a national park nicknamed "The American Spa.” Architecture buffs flock to Bathhouse Row to appreciate the collection of ornate, preserved bathhouses. 960 1280
Swamp PeopleAdmit it, you’ve always wanted to wear gumboots and race an airboat through the Florida Everglades National Park. Spend your days deep in sawgrass, clocking manatee, dolphin and alligators. Watch in awe as a giant heron struggles to take flight in a mangrove swamp. Or maybe you just want to hang out at the historic Nike Hercules missile base. Whatever you want to do, you can do it in the Everglades. 960 1280
Let's Go to the MallThe Great Emancipator sits in contemplation some 19 feet above you. It’s a sight every American should see in their lifetime. The Lincoln Memorial on the western end of the National Mall in Washington is, unsurprisingly, the most visited site in a space rich with monuments, museums and historical points of interest. It has also been the backdrop for historical events, most notably MLK’s 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech. For an added layer of historical context, visit the Memorial at night. 960 1280
American VirginNo one needs an excuse to visit the Virgin Islands, but if one did, one could do worse than the Virgin Islands National Park. Comprising roughly 60% of the island of St. John, plus another 5,650 acres of submerged territory, the park protects and preserves countless species of tropical and migratory birds, fish and other marine and plant life. Who needs a yacht when you’ve got leatherback turtles? 960 1280
11 Unusual National Parks and Monuments 11 Photos
Strap on your sea legs and hop aboard the nearest watercraft. Voyageurs National Park is water-based, and some of her finest treasures will only be unlocked by boat. Named after the rugged voyageurs, French-Canadian men who moved animal pelts and trade goods between Montreal and the Canadian Northwest, the park is a tangled network of islands and coves that beg to be explored. The uniqueness of this park is its topography: bogs, beaver ponds, swamps, islands, at least 30 small lakes and 4 large lakes all surround various occasional landmasses.
Keep an eye open for the array of wildlife present in the park's waters and lands. It isn't unusual to see osprey, eagles, great blue herons or even loons and kingfish flying overhead. Beavers lurk in many of the park's ponds and help create ideal habitats for a variety of aquatic plants. The lands of the park are home to the eastern timber wolves, the only region in the United States where these wild creatures live. The waters of Voyageurs are chock-full of fish, and the park boasts some of the best walleye fishing in the nation.
Newcomers to the world of watercraft who aren't quite ready to give up the title of "passenger" for "boat captain" can rest easy knowing that plenty of guided boat tours are available, including sunset and wildlife-watching cruises. If the security of a boat tour still isn't good enough, hiking trails do exist. Cruiser Lake Trail enters the backcountry of the Kabetogama Peninsula where hikers encounter boreal forests, wild berries, beaver dams and ridges leading to incredible vistas of Rainy Lake and Peary Lake.
Voyageurs National Park consists of a series of 30 lakes that lie in the midst of glacier-carved rock basins. The park is located in what is known as the Canadian Shield, composed of rock formations created by layers of sediments. Over the past few millions of years, glaciers moved through the area at least four times, carving out the landscape of basins that later became filled with lakes, ponds, streams and forests.
Voyageurs is mainly a water-based park, and exploration is best done by watercraft that are available for rent at the Ash River, Crane Lake, International Falls and Lake Kabetogama gateway communities. Personal watercraft are always welcome. The waters of the park are said to have the best walleye and bass populations in the nation, and the lakes are extremely popular for anglers. Hiking trails are available and are accessible from the main visitor centers of Ash River and Rainy Lake, though most are accessible by water.
Nearby airports are International Falls or Hibbing, MN, airports.
Where to Stay
If the best way to see Voyageurs National Park is by boat, it only makes sense that the best place to lodge while visiting the park is on a houseboat! At Ebel's Voyageur Houseboats guests can rent boats that sleep up to 12 people. These deluxe houseboats have fully stocked kitchens (pots and pans, dishes, glassware and silverware) and guests can opt to buy a food package, or bring their own vittles from home. Each boat also features a swimslide certain to entertain kids and adults alike. Guests captain their own houseboats, though a staff member will begin the trip with you, explaining driving procedures and answering questions.
Nearby Sights/Side Trips
The town of International Falls boasts a number of educational opportunities for learning about the history of the Voyageurs area. The Koochiching County Historical Museum features exhibits on the Gold Rush era, logging and homesteading. At the Grand Mound Interpretive Center, visitors are treated to the telling of the history of the Laurel Indians, a middle woodland people who lived in the upper Great Lakes latitudes from 200 B.C. to 800 A.D. Another popular attraction is the Boise Cascade Corporation Mill, home to the largest and fastest papermaking machine in the world.